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Jenis Dokumen:

WORK INSTRUCTION

 No. Revisi:

 1

Judul Dokumen:

PEMILIHAN PELUMAS PRODUK

Tanggal Terbit:

10 Mei 2010`

No. Dokumen:

ALP-WIS-TES-001


Bagian yang direvisi:

      -   Work Instruction ini merupakan pengganti LITSUS SUSPECT yang dapat dipakai sebagai acuan pemilihan produk pelumas
      -  Judul Dokumen
      -  No Dokumen
 
Originator: Disetujui Oleh:
Technical Support Supt Customer Service Manager
DAFTAR DISTRIBUSI
Factory General Manager    
Customer Service Manager    
Technical Support Supt    
Technical Support Supv    
DCC File    

1.   Lakukan saran spesifikasi dengan mempertimbangkan faktor berikut :
 1.1 Untuk memilih pelumas dalam rangka menggantikan tipe/jenis atau brand/merk pelumas :
  1.1.1 Lakukan Pendataan mesin/peralatan, seperti :
-  Tipe/Jenis mesin/peralatan
-  Spesifikasi utama : HP /KW, rpm, torque, pressure/temperatur dll.
-  Volume tank/sump dan toping up ratenya
-  potensial problem dari proses sistem 
  1.1.2 Lakukan Pendataan pelumas seperti :
-   Tipi/Jenis pelumas (manual dan terpasang)
-   Spesifikasi (Viscosity, tipe/jenis aplikasi dan grade)
-   volume dan toping up rate actualnya
-   Detil problem, history dan lakukan sampling (jika memungkinkan) (sesuai ALP-WIS-TES-004)
  1.1.3 Lakukan pemilihan dengan :
-   Jika pelumas terpasang tidak bermasalah, lakukan ekivalensi pelumas terpasang dengan pelumas AGIP
-   Jika pelumas terpasang bermasalah, lakukan pemilihan pelumas dengan tipe/jenis lain yang berbeda dari pelumas terpasang, yang disesuaikan dengan tipe/jenis aplikasi dan atau gradenya
 1.2 Untuk memilih pelumas dalam rangka mengisi pertama dari suatu mesin/peralatan yang baru atau lama dimana manualnya tidak tersedia
  1.2.1 Lakukan Pendataan mesin/peralatan, seperti :
-  Tipe/Jenis mesin/peralatan
-  Spesifikasi utama : HP /KW, rpm, torque, pressure/temperatur dll.
-  Volume tank/sump dan toping up ratenya
-  potensial problem dari proses sistem 
  1.2.2 Mencari referensi tipe/jenis pelumas dari mesin/peralatan sejenis dan lakukan sampling (jika memungkinkan) (sesuai ALP-WIS-TES-004)
1.2.3 Memilih pelumas berdasar referensi tersebut (1.2.2) dan atau pengalaman technical support tentang mesin/peralatan tersebut
2.    Berikut panduan klasifikasi Grade / Kinerja pelumas cair (oil)
 2.1 Jenis Aplikasi Automotive

No

Tipe / Jenis & Kelas Grade (Kinerja) Pelumas

Tipe/Jenis Aplikasi

1.        

 

Gasoline Engine (API)

1.01. SA

1.02. SB

1.03. SC

1.04. SD

1.05. SE

1.06. SF

1.07. SG

1.08. SH

1.09. SJ

1.10 SL

 

Straight Mineral Oil

Inhibited Oil only

1964 Models

1968 Models

1972 Models

1980 Models

1989 Models

1994 Models

1997 Models

2001 Models

2.     

Diesel Engine (API)

1.01. CA

1.02. CB

1.03. CC

1.04. CD

1.05. CD-II

1.06. CE

1.07. CF-4

1.08. CF

1.09. CF-2

1.10. CG-4

1.11. CH-4

1.12. CI-4

 

No wear & deposits protection

With wear & deposit protection

Turbo & Supercharged (Mod - Heavy)

Turbo & Supercharged (High S Fuel)

Two stroke

1983 Models

1990 Models

Indirect Injection (High S Fuel)

Two stroke with Heavy Duty

1994 Models (Fuel < 0.5% S)

1998 Models (Fuel ≤ 0.5% S)

2002 Models (Fuel ≤ 0.05% S & EGR)

3.     

Two stroke small engine

(JASO & ISO)

3.01. FA

3.02. FB – GB

3.03. FC – GC

3.04. GD

 

 

Normal Smoke

Normal Smoke & Normal Piston Varnish

Low Smoke & Medium Piston Varnish

Low Smoke & Excellent Piston Varnish

4.     

Water-cooled outboard engines (NMMA)

4.01. (BIA) TC-W

4.02. TC-WII

4.03. TC-W3

4.04. Recertified TC-W3

 

 

Obsolete

Obsolete

Obsolete

After 1994

5.     

Four stroke motorcycle engine (OEM)

5.01. MA

5.02. MB

 

 

High Friction Index

Low Friction Index

6.     

Railroad Diesel Engine

API - CD with the level :

·         TBN : 4–5

·         TBN : 7

·         TBN : 10

·         TBN : 13

·         TBN : ≥ 13

 

 

Generation 1

Generation 2

Generation 3

Generation 4

Generation 5

7.     

 

Marine Diesel Engine

API-CD with the spec :

·         SAE 50 TBN : 70

·         SAE 30 TBN : 5–10

·         SAE 30/40 TBN : 12–40

 

 

Cylinder of 2 stroke slow speed crosshead

System of 2 stroke slow speed crosshead

4 stroke medium speed trunk piston

8.     

 

Stationary gas engine

API – CC or CD SAE 30/40 with ash content :

·         < 0.1 (Ashless)

·         0.4 – 0.6 (Low Ash)

·         0.7 – 1.0 (Medium Ash)

·         > 1.0 (High Ash)

·         Low pressure spark-ignition

·         High Pressure pilot fuel-ignition

·         Low pressure pilot fuel-ignition

o   2 Stroke

o   4 Stroke

o   Landfill, sour, sewage gases

Phosporus Content limited by OEM

9.     

 

Automatic Transmission Fluids specify by OEM like :

·         Dexron - General Motor

·         Mercon - Ford

·         Powershift transmission : construction, agricultural & mining.

·         Automotive power steering

·         industrial/mobile/marine hydraulic

·         Rotary screw compressor

10.  

 

Automotive Gear (API) :

10.01. GL-1

10.02. GL-2

10.03. GL-3

10.04. GL-4

10.05. GL-5

10.06. GL-6

10.07. MT-1

 

·         Straight mineral oil

·         Contains fatty material (industrial gear)

·         Contains mild EP (spiral bevel gear)

·         50% GL-5 Additive (hypoid gear)

·         Heavy Duty hypoid gear

·         High Offset hypoid gear (obsolete)

·         Nonsynchronized transmission

11.  

Tractor Fluids

11.01. UTTO (North America)

11.02. STOU (Europe & Other)

 

Transmission/Wet Brakes + Hydraulic

 

11.01. + Engine

 2.2 Jenis Aplikasi Industri

No

Tipe / Jenis & Kelas Performans Pelumas

Fungsi Peruntukan / Aplikasi

1.     

·          

Hydraulic/Hydrostatic System (ISO 6743/4)

11.01. HH

11.02. HL

11.03. HM

11.04. HR

11.05. HV

11.06. HS

11.07. HG

 

 

Mineral Oil

Antirust oxidation

Antiwear

HL oil with improved visco/temp properties

High viscosity index & Antiwear

Synthetic fluids

HM oil possessing antistick-slip properties

2.     

Fire Resistant Hydraulic System (ISO 6743/4)

12.01. HFAE

12.02. HFAS

12.03. HFB

12.04. HFC

12.05. HFDR

12.06. HFDS

12.07. HFDT

12.08. HFDV

 

 

Oil water emulsions

Aqueous chemical solutions

Water in oil emulsions

Aqueous solutions of polymers

Phosphoric esters

Clorinated hydrocarbons

Mix of HFDR & HFDS

Other types of synthetic fluids

3.     

Hydrokinetic System (ISO 6743/4)

13.01. HA

13.02. HN

 

 

Automatic transmissions

Hydraulic couplings & torque converters

4.     

Industrial Gears (ISO 6743/6)

14.01. CKB (Mo load)

14.02. CKC (Hi load)

14.03. CKD (Hi load-temp)

14.04. CKE (Worm gears)

14.05. CKS (Mo load-temp)

14.06. CKT (Hi load-temp)

14.07. CKG (Open gears)

14.08. CKH (Open air)

14.09. CKJ (Open - Hi load)

14.10. CKK (Greases)

14.11. CKM (Occasional)

 

 

Oils with anti-rust&oxidant

CKB oils with EP & antiwear

CKC oils with mild thermal stability

CKB oils with friction modifier

Synthetic oils

Synthetic oils with EP

Greases with EP & antirust

Bituminous products with antiwear

CKH products with EP & antiwear

Greases with EP & anti-wear&oxidant

Pastes with anti-seizure&oxidant&rust

5.     

Industrial Enclosed Gears (AGMA 250.04)

15.01. 1 –

15.02. 2 EP

15.03. 3 EP

15.04. 4 EP

15.05. 5 EP

15.06. 6 EP

15.07. 7 EP

15.08. 8 EP

15.09. 8A EP

Note : R&O oils code without EP

 

ISO VG 46

ISO VG 68

ISO VG 100

ISO VG 150

ISO VG 220

ISO VG 320

ISO VG 460

ISO VG 680

ISO VG 1000

6.     

Industrial Open Gears (AGMA 251.02)

16.01. 4 EP

16.02. 5 EP

16.03. 6 EP

16.04. 7 EP

16.05. 8 EP

16.06. 9 EP

16.07. 10 EP

16.08. 11 EP

16.09. 12 EP

16.10. 13 EP

16.11. 14 R

16.12. 15 R

Note : R&O oils code without EP

 

ISO VG 150

ISO VG 220

ISO VG 320

ISO VG 460

ISO VG 680

ISO VG 1500

2880 – 3520 cSt (40oC)

4140 – 5060 cSt (40oC)

6120 – 7480 cSt (40oC)

25600 – 38400 cSt (40oC)

428.5 – 857.0 cSt (100oC)

857.0 – 1714.0 cSt (100oC)

7.     

 

Air Compressor (DIN 51506)

17.01. VDL (+ antioxidant)

17.02. VC (str) / VCL (HD)

17.03. VB (str) / VBL (HD)

Note : M : Moving ; S : Stationary

 

M = 220 oC (max) & S = 220 oC (max)

M = 220 oC (max) & S = 160 oC (max)

M = 140 oC (max) & S = 140 oC (max)

8.     

Refrigerating Compressor (DIN 51503 teil 1)

18.01. KA

18.02. KC

 

 

Ammonia Compressor Oil

Freon Compressor Oil

9.     

 

Turbine

19.01. DIN 51515 / BS 489 / GEK 32568A

19.02. MIL-L-17331H / OEP 80 / HTGD 90117

 

Non EP oils

 

EP oils

3.    Berikut Panduan Klasifikasi Grade (Kinerja) pelumas semi padat (grease)
3.1 Jenis aplikasi Automotive

No

Tipe / Jenis  & Grade (Kinerja) Pelumas

Tipe/jenis Aplikasi

1.     

ASTM D 4950

21.01. LA (mild duty)

21.02. LB (mild - severe)

21.03. 4A (mild duty)

21.04. 4B (mild - moderate)

21.05. 4C (mild - severe)

 

Chassis (Suspension)

Chassis (Steering & drive line)

Wheel Bearings

Wheel Bearings (Most vehicle)

Wheel Bearings (High temp - stop & go)

2.     

NLGI :

22.01. LB

22.02. GC

22.03. GC-LB

 

Chassis

Wheel bearings

Wheel bearings & Chassis

3.2 Jenis Aplikasi Industri

No

Tipe / Jenis  & Grade (Kinerja) Pelumas

Tipe/jenis Aplikasi

1.     

Grease ISO Class : “L”

ISO – L – X – Simbol 1 – Simbol 2 – Simbol 3 – Simbol 4 – NLGI number

 

Tabel 5, 6

2.     

Bearing DIN Class : “K”

DIN 51825 – K – Ket. 1 – Ket. 2 – Ket. 3

 

Tabel 7, 8, 9

 

3.     

Gear DIN Class : “G”

DIN 51826 – G – NLGI number

 

 


Tabel 5. Tingkatan Antirust protection

Environmental cond. (1)

Antirust protection (2)

Simbol

L

L

A

L

M

B

L

H

C

M

L

D

M

M

E

M

H

F

H

L

G

H

M

H

H

H

I

         (1) L:dry - M:static moisture - H:water wash
        
(2) L:no protect - M:protect fresh water - H:protect salt water                              Tabel 6. Classification of Greases
Code Genappl Operating Temperature Range

H20

Cont

6.    S3 Load 7.    S4 8.    NLGINo 9.    ISOL
T1 S1 T2 S2
X Lub 0 A 60 A Lihat A A = A 000 ISO

 

  require     90 B Tabel B Not EP B 00 L
  grease     120 C 5 C     0  
        140 D   D B =   1  
        160 E   E EP   2  
        180 F   F     3  
        > 180 G   G     4  
    -20 B 60 A   H     5  
        90 B   I     6  
        120 C            
        140 D            
        160 E            
        180 F            
        > 180 G            
    -30 C 60 A            
        90 B            
        120 C            
        140 D            
        160 E            
        180 F            
        > 180 G            
    -40 D 60 A            
        90 B            
        120 C            
        140 D            
        160 E            
        180 F            
        > 180 G            
    < -40 E 60 A            
        90 B            
        120 C            
        140 D            
        160 E            
        180 F            
        > 180 G            
                Tabel 7. Classification of “K” greases & NLGI

Clasisification

NLGI Grades

K

Grease for bearings

0

Work Penetration : 355 – 385

KP

+ antiwear &/ EP additives

1

WP : 310 – 340

KF

+ solid lubricants

2

WP : 265 – 295

KPF

KP + solid lubricants

3

WP : 220 – 250

-

-

4

WP : 175 – 205

  Tabel 8. Supplementary identification letter of “K” greases

Supplementary letter according  DIN 51502

Highest continuous temp of use

Water compatibility according DIN 51807

C

+ 60 oC

0 – 40 or 1 – 40

D

+ 60 oC

2 – 40 or 3 – 40

E

+ 80 oC

0 – 40 or 1 – 40

F

+ 80 oC

2 – 40 or 3 – 40

G

+ 100 oC

0 – 90 or 1 – 90

H

+ 100 oC

2 – 90 or 3 – 90

H

+ 100 oC

0 – 90 or 1 – 90

K

+ 120 oC

2 – 90 or 3 – 90

M

+ 120 oC

To be agree

N

+ 140 oC

To be agree

P

+ 160 oC

To be agree

R

+ 180 oC

To be agree

S

+ 200 oC

To be agree

T

+ 220 oC

To be agree

U

> + 220 oC

To be agree

  Tabel 9. Supplementary reference number of “K” greases

Reference number according

DIN 51502

Lowest temperature of use oC

-10

-10 oC

-20

-20 oC

-30

-30 oC

-40

-40 oC

-50

-50 oC

-60

-60 oC